What About The Rest Of The Body
Lets explore creating full-body diverse characters. While they are more complex than stick figures, the same principles around shape apply. Now that you have tried out some faces and the shape of the stick figures, we can combine elements from both to build a full-body diverse character library.
Using a color, as you did for the faces, draw a shape for the body. It is similar to the stick figure first step. Next, add another shape for the head. Now add limbs just as you would for a stick figure, but this time you will fill out the arms and legs a little bit more. Think of them as four rectangles, but you can add bends where the elbows and knees are. You can also exaggerate the shapes and adjust them how you would like.
Now you can use other colors and/or black to start filling in clothes, hair, and facial features. Once you get comfortable with the shapes you can even try doing a sketch in pencil, and then going over it in black before coloring it in. This makes adding outfits or different colors a bit easier.
Falling Direction Of The Hair
This step is not about drawing slow cautious lines, but about drawing the hair in a sweeping and brisk manner. Of course, we don’t draw every single hair, but rather study the fall directions of the hair at the different places. Later we can define them with a few clear strokes. Hair grows in tufts, and within these tufts it all grows and falls in similar directions . I’ve created several tufts of hair and hairstyle areas in the image quite arbitrarily. There are no limits to your imagination. Hair is always the fun part.
If The Likeness Isnt Quite There I Look At It Upside Down
At this point Ill usually take a break. Its helpful to leave the drawing for a little while, breaking that strong concentration and resting before returning to look. Sometimes when I look at the drawing again Ill feel that Ive captured the likeness, and other times Ill feel that something is not quite right. This is really challenging because often its hard to identify what it is that is slightly inaccurate and is throwing the likeness off. If you do need to troubleshoot, my best advice is to turn both the reference drawing and your own sketch upside down and compare the two.
What this does is to give you a new viewpoint, and make the image you are copying look unrecognisable because it will no longer resemble a face. Your brain will only be able to register an abstract collection of tones, and this will make it much easier to see how what youve drawn differs from the original photograph. Any area thats too dark, too light, or in the wrong position will be much easier to spot and amend.
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The Simplest Way To Draw Diverse People: Stick Figures
People can be drawn in characters as simple as stick figures, or as complex as a portrait. Lets start off with stick figures. Stick figures are very quick and easy icons to draw in visual notes, and very versatile across subjects. They also help to represent more complex ideas. Sharing, collaboration, teamwork, care, the list could go on. Stick figures are essential elements of a visual note-takers visual library.
Upgrade your stick figures to show diversity! To start a more developed figure, draw a shape. Then, add another, smaller shape above the original to represent the head. . Then, all you have to do then is add limbs, which can also show movement.
Simple lines, circles, squares, and triangles can help you achieve drawings something as complex as a wheelchair in a stick figure form. Try drawing a lot of different combinations of these stick figures. You will see just how diverse such a simple image can be.
A Tip For Drawing People Most Forget Is To Consider What To Highlight
The power of a portrait is the way that it draws your eyes. We all know what an unflattering picture looks like.
It is taken from the wrong angle and is usually off-center.
Knowing in advance where you want to draw your viewers eye, will help you sculpt the drawing itself.
When you set out to draw someone, think about what you want to highlight about them.
You can highlight any feature so long as you do it well.
Consider the area that you want to highlight as a focal point for the drawing.
It is your job to frame it and help the eyes land naturally.
You can do this to make someones necklace stand out as well as their vibrant eyes.
Learn how to do this with a drawing, and then you can build on it later with coloring.
Color is a great way to lead an audience to the right spot.
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Anatomy Of The Eye Socket
When drawing, look for the signs of the underlying structure that the eye is placed within.
Observe the bones and muscles of the face. Depending on a person’s age and build, they may be more or less visible, but they are still there. An awareness of the shape of the eye socket and the bands of muscle around the eye will help you identify and model changes of the plane around the eye.
Some study of anatomy is essential for artists interested in realist drawing. Spend some time making studies of the bones and muscles. Don’t worry about naming the parts, just know what they look like.
How To Draw Bodies Realistically
Drawing a human body can be quite challenging if you are not an experienced artist. This is because our bodies are quite complex, and we need to practice a lot. We need to understand the bone structure, the muscles and ligaments. So, starting to learn how to draw bodies for beginners should be surely done using guidance.
One of the biggest differences between human characters and other drawings is that you need to understand how to different poses depending on the action and personality of your character. Even in drawing a simple gesture you need to understand the basics of doing it and what are the techniques behind.
Drawing the human body will require some time to learn it so we decided to make a list with some of the best tutorials that show how you can do this.
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Why Sternocleidomastoid Muscle Is Important In Portrait Drawing
The muscle with a very long name, sternocleidomastoid, is an important landmark when it comes to drawing a neck. It connects the top part of sternum and clavicle with the base of the skull called mastoid the process of the skull positioned just behind the ear.
We draw this muscle diagonally. In drawing, this muscle not only defines the shape of the neck but also separates its frontal part from the side plane.
I Shade The Hands And Lightly Suggest Suggest The Forms Of The Shoulders
Lastly I draw in something to indicate the hands, arms and clothing. I generally like to keep these areas pretty sketchy and minimal, keeping the detail concentrated mainly on the head so that the viewers attention is drawn to the subjects face.
In this drawing Ive sketched the girls hands quite carefully because they are right under her chin, but I fade out as I go further down her arms. I use just a few strokes to suggest the shapes of the arms and the way they are resting on a table and supporting her. With the girls clothes I just draw enough to give a brief indication of her t-shirt and to suggest the forms of her shoulders beneath, but without distracting the eye too much information.
Whatever colour of clothing my subject is wearing I usually draw it much lighter in tone than it actually appears, so that it doesnt draw the focus away from the face. As I sketch further down her body my hatching turns to faint lines, which then fade out to blank paper. Finally Ill take a putty eraser and gently clean any unintended pencil marks or smudges from the drawing.
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Draw The Subject With The Three Basic Shapes
First, you need to draw out the figure using only the three basic shapes.
Because the beetle is irregularly shaped, I adjusted the shapes to capture this. Like, with the legs of the beetle, I made the shape of the triangles skinnier. If it could not be simplified easily, I simplified it with lines.
Because it’s the first step, it looks rough. This is fine. It shouldn’t look like a work of art at this stage. Just make sure that the shapes resemble the subject you are drawing.
Step 2. Begin to add detail to the drawing.
Drawing A Realistic Head: Bringing Faces To Life
While capturing a likeness can be a challenge, heads and faces are some of the trickiest things to draw.
Lets focus specifically on drawing better facial features and a realistic head. Because we spend all day looking at people, we are very aware when something is a little off in a portrait drawing or painting.
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Placing The Pit Of The Neck
Another common mistake art students make is forgetting about the neck and drawing it as an afterthought when the head is fully drawn. It is almost impossible to draw believable looking portraits from life or imagination without the knowledge of a head and shoulders anatomy.
Lets indicate an important landmark of the portrait the pit of the neck. It is located between two collarbones just above the breastbone.
The distance from the chin to the pit of the neck is equal to the one-third proportion of the face .
Fill In The Second Half Of The Sclera
Fill this part with light pressure. Add a bit more shadow in the corner .
As you can see in our picture, lashes can cast shadows on the eyeball. Include them in your eye drawing by throwing in a few darker lines with a worn out pencil.
Start them at the upper edge of the eye outline. Make their length irregular, so the shadow looks realistic. Remembering the three-dimensional shape of the eye, curve these strokes slightly in line with the roundness of the eyeball
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Using My Axes I Visualize The Head In Four Quarters In Order To Perceive The Overall Shape
Looking at my reference photo with the axes drawn on it, I start to consider the shape of the head in relation to those vertical and horizontal lines. I imagine the head divided into four quarters and I visually compare the size and shape of each quarter and try to picture each one individually. I also look at the negative space created by the shape, as if the white outline was a cut-out.
The reference photograph Im working from is complicated by the fact that the girls hands are cupping her chin and hiding the edges of it, so I need to visualise both the shape created by of the edges of her hands, and the shape made by those hands cupping around her chin too. I compare these shapes to each other.
Now I copy the shapes of the four quarters of the head and the edges of the hands to my paper. I draw them very lightly with soft sketchy lines so I can keep adjusting them until Im happy that my overall head shape is fairly accurate. I may alter them some more when I start to add in more detail later, but for now I have a good starting point to work from.
Drawing Noses And Eyes Together
Once you learn the anatomy of the eye and how to draw it realistically, it is important to understand how to put two of them together along with other facial features like the nose. Here are some guidelines to remember:
- The space between the eyes is one eye width.
- Both eyes should be directly across from each other.
- If you draw a vertical line down from the corner of the eye, it will line up with the edge of the nose.
- Both eyes must be looking in the same direction. The pupil and iris must be the same in both.
- Place the catch light in the same place on both eyes .
1. Create a Line Drawing
Use the grid method and a mechanical pencil to create a line drawing of a nose and eyes together. Notice how the vertical line drawn down from the corner of the eyes lines up with the edge of the nose. Place the eyes directly across from one another.
2. Apply Dark Tones, Fill in the Shadow Areas and Eyebrows
When you are sure of your accuracy, carefully remove the grid lines with a kneaded eraser. Apply the darkest tones with a pencil.
The pupils of the eyes are the darkest areas. Fill in the tones of the shadow areas and the eyebrows. The eyebrows should be shaded in as a shape first, before the hairs are applied.
3. Blend and Apply Highlights
Blend with a stump or tortillion. Very little of the paper should be left white, even in the whites of the eyes. Use a kneaded eraser for the small highlights seen in the brows and patterns within the pupils.
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Skill #: Watch Your Curves Carefully
Curves are a lot harder to draw than straight lines. For starters, theyre more complicated than lines. You need more information to represent a curve than a straight line, so theres more ways you can screw one up.
Second, curves often are harder to freehand draw accurately. A straight line, with practice, isnt too hard to do freehand, even if it doesnt meet the accuracy of one done with a ruler. However, curves often go against the natural motion of your hand, so its often the case that youll draw it wrong if done in a single motion.
The starting point, as always, is to see how the curve really is. If you had to draw tangent lines on its surface, what would they be? Does it form corners, or does it stay curved the whole way? A common mistake when drawing vases in still lifes is to kink the corners at the end, not recognizing that it will form an ellipse instead.
Next, you can sketch out a few line segments to break up a complex or sharply turning curve into a few straight-line segments as approximation. This will help you stay roughly in the right ballpark when you put curves in.
Finally, draw your curve, asking yourself how it is accelerating and slowing down at different parts of your line segment.
I Divert From The Face To Complete The Hair
Once Ive made a first pass at laying in some tones within the face and before I go any further, I will divert to fully drawing the hair. There are two main reasons for this. Firstly, the colour of the hair will affect how I perceive the tones of the skin, because it will usually be darker. Once I start shading in the hair tone I will often start to feel that my skin tones are too subtle and pale in contrast and I will usually end up darkening the skin by adding more shading.
Secondly, it has really surprised me to discover how critical the correct hair tone and hairstyle can be to achieving a good likeness! Sometimes I feel I havent captured the person until I draw in their hair, and then suddenly the likeness will start to come together. Therefore I never leave the hair until the very end.
I have developed a whole technique for drawing hair which you can read about in this tutorial on how to draw hair step by step. It involves working in quite a few layers: first shading, then smoothing my pencil marks down, adding more shading, and smoothing again. Hair and clothes are the only places that I will rub the pencil onto the paper a little to create the impression of sleekness, but I always use a bit of tissue for this and never my fingers.
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Bonus: A Bit Of Color At The End
I hope you had fun and found some helpful tips for your future drawings. Of course, you can’t cover all aspects of a creative topic in a single tutorial.
We will go into more details and variations in future courses, such as: How to draw a face from different perspectives, Faces of different ages, Hair – nose – ears in detail, Coloring of faces, Other parts of the body, Hands – feet – body, and The male face, etc.
This tutorial is designed to provide a solid foundation on which any aspiring artist can build. As in any art form, the results depend on regular practice. Don’t be frustrated if you don’t like your first drawings. You will get better with every painting. Stay tuned, get inspired and have fun with it.
Drawing A Portrait From A Photo In Ten Steps
Im often asked how I approach the process of creating a hand drawn portrait. When faced with an intimidatingly blank sheet of paper, where do you begin? Some artists use a grid system or a lightbox that makes their reference photograph visible under their drawing paper, whilst others may use nothing at all and will simply pitch in and measure by eye.
Everyone has a different process and style and its important to say that there are no right or wrong way to approach a portrait, but this is the way I do it. Im describing a method for copying from a reference photo because this is how I create my portraits, but most of the advice will still be relevant if you want to draw a sitter who is in front of you. Im a firm believer that absolutely anyone can learn to draw if they first learn now to LOOK properly, so lets get started and I will take you step by step through my process
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