Fingers Bend At The Joint Not At The Base
When you make a goo motion with your hand, where does the finger bend?
We tend to think that it is from the base of the finger, but in fact it bends from the metacarpophalangeal joint.
When viewed from the palm of the hand with skin on it, it is bent from the crease in the image.
When viewed from the side, you can clearly see where the bend is on the back and palm side of the hand.
You can see that the back side of the hand is bent from the joint, and the palm side is bent from the crease in front of the hand, not where the fingers part.
The next point to keep in mind is that the joint arches lightly.
This feature is more pronounced when the fist is viewed from the front.Try drawing the goo, paying attention to where the fingers bend and the shape of the joints.
Consider Proportions When Drawing Hands
A small caveat: I am not big on memorizing proportions in a way that can be expressed as a formula. This is because as you practice drawing from reference, over time you will develop a better eye for proportion. Further, there are many variations in proportion in life, and you may want to express that in your drawings. With that said, here are some formula-type proportion statements to memorize when drawing the hand. I think that at least at the beginning they can be very helpful, but I am confident that with time you will refer to these less often.
1. The first joint of each finger is equal to the last two joints of that finger in length.
2. The length of the middle finger from its tip to right before the knuckle is equal to the length of the hand.
3. The first finger almost reaches the fingernail of the middle finger.
4. The third finger is just slightly longer than the index finger.
5. The little finger barely reaches the top knuckle of the third finger.
6. To find the last joint in each finger, take the length from the middle joint to the top of that finger and divide it in half.
7. The hand, wrist to the tip of the middle finger is about the height of the face.
Drawing Thumb & Fingers
For the purpose of the tutorial I will fully draw out the structure of all the fingers for you to use as a reference. You do not need to do this but you should be aware of the positioning of the invisible parts of the fingers to avoid mistakes when drawing that parts that are visible. For example if you can only see the tip of the pinky but you dont consider the length of the rest of the finger you can end up drawing the tip too far up or too far down the hand.
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Muscles Of The Forearm
Update: I made an entire tutorial dedicated to drawing the forearms with anatomical detail, it can be fond here. Below, we will go over the basics.
- Origin: Ridge superior to lateral epicondyle of the humerus and the lateral intermuscular septum
- Insertion: lateral side of the base of the styloid process of the radius .
- Action: flexes the forearm at the elbow
The Brachioradialis has two very important traits that will help us draw the arm in every angle:
its origin at the humerus, is behind the brachialis muscle, this means that it divides the upper arm between the biceps and brachialis at the front and the triceps muscle at the back. When you start drawing the art in different angles from reference, or if you are tracing anatomy images, or look at very muscular images of the arm, you will notice that it is easy to confuse the medial head of the triceps and the brachialis muscle, until you know that brachioradialis folds in between the two.
Brachioradialis at the forearm closest to the wrist follows its insertion in the radius. This means that as the hand turns, and the radius bone rotates over the ulna, the brachioradialis follows the radius, tracking on the thumb side of the wrist. Brachioradialis creates a twist in the forearm since its origin remains put, and its insertion is taken over the ulna by the radius.
Extensors Grouped simplified
Extensors mostly map to the backhand side of the forearm.
Flexors mostly map to the palm side of the forearm.
How To Draw Hand Poses Step By Step
This tutorial shows how to draw different hand poses. The examples can be applied to drawing in the anime, manga and traditional styles.
Before going into this tutorial you may also want to see :
Also please note that if you are going to be following the tutorial drawing with pencil and paper you should make very light lines for at least the first few steps of each hand pose. You will need to erase parts of the drawing as you move through the different steps.
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Four Use The Underdrawing Of The Foot As A Guide
Now that the basic structure of the foot is drawn, and you worked out where the arch is and sorted out the bony bits, it is time to go over the drawing with organic lines. Doing so will make the drawing appear more natural.
Pay attention to how shapes wedge into each other by looking at references of the foot, you can indicate those connections with overlapped lines. If you are looking for references to draw from, I collected some drawing references on my .
Check out the step-by-step process implemented in the video below. In the lateral view, the arch of the foot is often hidden and therefore should be drawn subtely.
Drawing Landmarks Of The Arm Inside Of The Elbow Anterior View
On the inside of the elbow two indicating lines are prevalent in drawings of the arm. These lines hug the biceps from each side. On the outside, it is brachioradialis going around the biceps that create this landmark. On the inside, it is the biceps wedging into the pronator teres and flexors that creates the landmark.
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More Tips For Successful Hand Drawing
The sky is the limit for stylizing hands, says Daviscourt. Remember that realistic hand drawings are just one way to go. A hand drawn in the style of comic art, manga, anime characters, or cartoon hands will each bring its own flavor and personality to the table.
Image by Lui Ferreyra
Each pose or gesture you draw will present something new and unexpected. Every hand comes with its own set of challenges to master, and thats part of the fun. Repetition is the key ingredient to a successful hand drawing. Start drawing today and watch your hand come together a little more smoothly with each try.
How To Draw Hands
05 June 2018
Drawing hands can be a challenge. Follow this step-by-step guide to learn how to draw hands properly.
Understanding how to draw hands is challenging. Even experienced artists have had to study this skill closely to master it. The human hand is a complex part of our anatomy, and one of the most crucial body parts in the whole of the animal kingdom so it’s a vital part of the body to learn to draw.
On this page, Brynn Metheney shares his simple step-by-step guide to drawing hands, including how to break down the forms of the hand into simple shapes like cylinders and spheres. Click through to page two for Stan Prokopenko’s in-depth look at the anatomy of the hand once you understand the underlying structure, you can learn how to draw hands accurately and confidently.
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How To Draw An Anime Fist Side View
Draw a shape following the structure of a closed fist. You already including the fingers.
Add a rectangle of the Thumb. And the three showing joints.
Follow the already existing shapes for drawing fingers .
To finish the sketch: lengthen the lines for the wrist.
Follow the narrows for the wrist.
Outline all the important traces of your sketch.
Clean the sketch keeping a clean Lineart.
Add details such as lines and wrinkles. Dont forget to draw palm lines!
For better results, add shadows to give dimension.
Drawing Hands With Basic Shapes
Drawing hands is great way to practice your drawing skills in general. We’ve always got them with us, so we can look at them and use them as references at anytime.
Let’s take another look at the process that we explored above. This time, we’ll highlight each of the shapes, making them a little easier to see. Take it a step at a time and pay close attention to each shape. Take note of how each shape can be used to draw a hand in any position.
Begin by drawing a shape that represents the backside of the hand. Most likely, this shape will be rectangular, but it may curve slightly as we see below.
Next, draw a triangle on the side of this shape. This shape will act as the connection between the thumb and the backside of the hand. On the lower portion, we’ll eventually add a thumb.
Next, a few smaller cylinders can be drawn extending outward from the rectangular shape that was drawn for the backside of the hand. These shapes will become the lower portions of each of the fingers.
A second set of cylinders are drawn to extend the fingers out further.
The fingers can be finished off with yet another set of cylinders. Take note of how each cylinder becomes a segment of the finger.
Outlines and shadows can be added to finish the drawing of the hand. Remember to consider the light source when you are adding the shading. It should be consistent for all of the parts of the hand and each of the fingers.
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Always Use A Reference
Its important to use reference images, no matter your illustration skill level. Whether you look at a photo, take pictures of your own hand, or ask a friend to model different hand gestures, have a guide at your side. There will always be something unexpected and different, even if youve drawn them a million times, says Daviscourt.
Bonus: How To Draw Hands Using Bridgman Construction
Lets now go through a six-line construction method for drawing the hand found in Bridgmans anatomy books.
This method of hand construction begins by drawing the inactive and the active sides of the hand. Depending on position, if the thumb side is the action side, the little finger side is the inaction side and the opposite is true. In this method of drawing the hand, the inaction side is drawn as a single line straight with the arm.
There are six lines total for construction in this type of drawing and three of these lines are always unchanged:
There are 3 construction lines remaining. Two are attributed to the action side depending on the gesture, and only one to the inaction side. This is of course not the final drawing, but lines used to construct a believable gesture in hand drawing. See below diagram, notice how construction changes depending on the action side of the hand.
Although this is a very simple method to construct the hand, the proportions in this method still have to be resolved, and it seems like Bridgeman only used it for the construction of the palm. Although at its simplest form I think you can use it to construct the back view as well as I did in the above example.
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Drawing Hands Using Basic Shapes
Alright, time for practice! First of all, were starting with the basics of basics. A simple open hand, so you can nail down the main shapes youll use for almost any position!
There are two ways you can go about it, the first way is: take a photo, open it on your drawing software of choice or print it. Draw on top of it.
Tracing your photos is always a good way to learn the shapes. A lot of times, when learning to draw something new, this is how I go.
The second way is following the next steps! Ive done part of the job for you. Ive tested and figured out how to easily draw the hands, so now I can just leave each step here, so you can be a pro at hands!
This is where I start. For the palm of the hand, we make almost a square shape, a bit rounded and going thinner on the bottom. Pay attention to the arched line we draw here, its very important!
If you look at your hands, youll notice that the line where your fingers touch the palm of the hand is usually curved. This is important to figure out our next shape and its position.
The Finger Arc
Alright, so half our hand is done. Now for where our fingers will be: above the shape, we repeat the same curved line that we did before. So, in short, youll always have the same curve! Unless you really want to exaggerate your hands and try out different styles, of course.
With this new line, you just need to close the shape and there you go! We have a complete hand. Now we just need to draw the shapes for each finger.
How To Draw Anime And Manga Hands Step By Step
This tutorial illustrates how to draw anime and manga hands in various positions.
While Its difficult to have one clear guideline for how to draw hands as they can bend in so many different ways this tutorial provides some basic tips and examples.
For anime hands holding different kinds objects you can see 6 Ways to Draw Anime Hands Holding Something.
Hands a difficult body part to draw and the best way to learn is through a lot of practice.
Drawing anime hands can be a little easier then drawing realistic hands as a lot of the details are left out. But the overall structure and proportions are basically the same.
For drawing arms see:
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Hand Drawing Tools Online
If you want some exercises to perfect your hand drawings there are some really awesome online tools for that.
I mentioned a lot of times, here and on my Figure Drawing course, some websites where you can practice gesture drawing.
And these are not only good for posing in general and drawing the whole human body but also hands or other particular parts of the body!
Lets see some examples that I particularly like and use a lot.
Line of action
This is a super clean and very helpful website with a cool drawing tool, Line of Action!
With this tool, you simply choose a few settings like male, female and others, and then you can select how much time youd like to practice each pose and you hit the start button Get Drawing!
The tool lets you choose between Hands, Feet or both hands and feet, so if you want to practice feet as well, thats a bonus.
If youre still beginning to learn how to draw hands I would recommend setting it up to 60 seconds or 2 minutes. Later on, you can try the 30 seconds version as well.
In my opinion, its very good to have a shorter time so that you can focus on the main shapes and not overthink the small details.
Another very similar drawing tool, Sketchdaily References.
Also has a bunch of different photo references so if youve used the previous website a lot, change to this one for a while so you dont get as many repeats.
Quickposes is another website that you can use to get a bunch of different poses.
Get The Hand Model Pack
By the way, I just published a new hands reference pack. These should help you guys practice sketching hands, study the anatomy, and could be references for your illustrations. Theres a bunch of different poses. Over 1500 photos total. And Marshall Vandruff is one of the main models. If you want it, grab it here.
Alright, go have some fun.
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How To Draw Anime Hands Step By Step
Enough theory! Let’s see how to draw anime hands in every pose! For this exercise, it’s good to use a reference. In fact, to learn how to draw hands, you need to practice a lotnot from imagination and guessing, but by analysis of the real thing. This constant exposure to the structure of a real hand will help you develop an intuition, and you’ll start “feeling” the difference between a correct pose and an incorrect one.
Here I used this from Envato Elements.
Analyzing The Proportions Of The Hand
Study the proportions of the fingers.
The fingers and the palm of the hand should be roughly the same length. The tip of the thumb if drawn at a 45 degree angle to the hand should reach to just slightly below the knuckle bone of the index finger.
The fingers consist of 3 parts with the distance from the tip of the fingers to the top joint being the shortest and the distance from the knuckles to the bottom join being the longest.
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