Thursday, May 19, 2022

How To Draw The Solar System To Scale On Paper

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Make A Scale Model Of The Solar System And Learn The Real Definition Of Space

Let’s Make the Solar System | Arts and Crafts! | SciShow Kids!
  • Fill in the diameter of the Sun you want your model to be scaled by. You can fill in either the red bordered inches box or the green bordered millimeters box. Important: Only fill in one box. If both are filled in you will get a dialog box asking you to clear one of the boxes. Use the Clear button to clear the entire form.
  • Notice that the distances and sizes of the planets will automatically fill in. I’ve also provided some other interesting scale comparisons at the bottom of the chart.
  • You can now build your scale model. You can do this with a long tape measure, or you can measure the size of your pace and walk it off counting the number of steps you take. To mark a planet’s place you can use a piece of paper on a post that you stick into the ground, or you can use a flag, or even a person. Be prepared for a long walk!
  • If you build your solar system on a roll of toilet paper, you can make the Sun about .4 inches across and still fit the entire solar system on the roll. A standard roll of toilet paper has about 450 sheets that are about 4.375 inches long, hence the roll is about 164 feet long. You should check your toilet paper for length. Some are longer.
  • You can click on the names of the planets and satellites to go the the Nine Planets web site page about them. LOTS of info there!
  • inmm

    I’ve only given you the sizes and distances to the planets. If you’d like to see the satellites of the planets as well, for a much more extensive page

    Choose Where Your Model Solar System Will Go

    Pick a place to set up your solar system model. This could be across a bedroom wall, along the floor of a hallway or large room, outside in a yard, or down a sidewalk.

    Keep your choice in mind as you calculate the size of planets and distances between them in the next steps. You’ll need to have enough materials, and your model will have to fit within the place you choose.

    Instructions for building a model out of beads and string, sidewalk chalk, or yard markers are included below, but you can use any materials or any space you like!

    Solar System Calculator Resources

    If you need a solar system scale model calculator to help you as you are working on these activities with your class, Ive got you covered. You can find one through Think Zone that also helps you create a map or this resource, Build a Solar System Model, that contains not only a calculator but lots of other great resources to help you too! Youll definitely want to check both of those resources out.

    If youre looking for other great solar system resources to supplement your solar system unit, check out my solar system resources on Teachers Pay Teachers here.

    Be sure to sign up for tips, promotions, discounts, and exclusive freebies by signing up for my VIP newsletter for free. !

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    Scale Model Of The Solar System

    A solar system is a group of planets and other space material orbiting a star. In our solar system, that star is better known as the Sun and the planets are Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune.

    The solar system models youve seen before probably dont show how much bigger some planets are than others, or, more importantly for space travel, how far away the planets are from the Sun and each other. The Earth is about 150 million kilometers from the Sun. Because this distance is so important to us Earthlings, it has been given a special name, called the Astronomical Unit for short. The Earth is one astronomical unit from the sun. Planets that are closer to the Sun than the Earth have a measured distance of less than one A.U. while objects farther from the Sun than Earth have a measured distance of greater than one A.U.

    The size of a planet can be determined from its diameter. Diameter, you might remember from math class, is the distance from one end of circle or sphere to another side, going through the middle.

    Options For Creating The Solar System Scale Model

    Make a Scale Model of the Solar System

    Before you get started with models in the classroom, consider asking your students these questions:

    • What makes something a model?
    • How are the models used?
    • Why are the models used?

    Then consider having students create their own scaled models first as a way to predict the size and distance. This will make the impact much greater afterward. After creating models , give images of the solar system and discuss why they are inaccurate models.

    These options are in no particular order and you do not have to use just one. In fact, creating multiple models will help students comprehend more.

    1.) If the Moon Were Only a Pixel Website. I absolutely love this website. Just by simply scrolling this website to the right your students can see how far away everything is in space and their relative sizes. The creator of this website includes a little humor as you are scrolling through his site. Its definitely worth the visit! You can visit the If the Moon Were Only a Pixel Website here.

    • Mercury 4,879 km
    • Venus 12,104 km
    • Earth 12,742 km
    • Mars 6,779 km
    • Jupiter 139,820km
    • Saturn 116, 460 km
    • Uranus 50,724 km
    • Neptune 49,244 km
    • Sun 1.391 Million km

    3.) National Geographic Video. In this video, a group of friends works together to create a scale model in 7 miles of the desert. It really helps provide a visual of the distance between planets and their sizes in comparison to one another. The clip is relatively short and would be a great way to introduce the topic to students.

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    Model Solar System Supplies

    • Neptune
    • Pluto

    Ask if they know how big our solar system is. Explain that they’ll learn about it today.

    Give the kids 10 index cardsone for each planet plus one for the sun. They’ll only need 8 if you leave out Pluto.

    Have them write the name of a planet on a card plus the distance from the sun.

    To help the Scouts learn more about the planets, you could add these activities:

    • Draw a picture of the planet on the card.
    • Cut out and paste an image of the planet onto the card.
    • Write three fun facts about each planet on the back of the card.

    Importance Of Making A Model In Science

    The last part of the requirement is to explain the value of making a model in science. This website does a great job of explaining it.

    My biggest takeaway is that a model helps us understand something that we can’t experience on our own. We can’t go to Pluto to understand how far apart our planets are. But by using our model, we can get a sense of how vast the universe is.

    What do you think? Will your Cub Scouts enjoy this toilet paper solar system model?

    Yours in Scouting,Sherry

    P.S. The Adventures in Science adventure counts as one of the requirements for the Swing! Nova award.

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    Scaling Down The Solar System

  • 1Convert the distance between each planet and the Sun to astronomical units. In order to accurately represent the distances between the planets and the sun in your drawing, first youll need to convert each distance to astronomical units . The distance from the sun for each planet in AU is:XResearch source
  • Mercury: 0.39 AU
  • Options For Creating Solar System Scaled Models

    How to draw Solar system

    If you teach the solar system, at some point, you and your students will likely have to create a scale model too. This project doesnt have to be dreaded nor does it have to be fully teacher dependent. There are many options when it comes to creating this solar system scale model and thats what this post is about today.

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    Calculate Scale Planet Sizes

    If you’re making a scale-size model, keep reading for two different methods of calculating the scale sizes of the planets. For a scale-distance model, see Step 4 above.

    Calculate manually:

  • Choose the size you want Earth to be in your model .
  • For each planet, multiply the size you chose for Earth by the multiplier value on the chart. The multiplier is a planets size compared with Earth. This will give you the scale size of each planet.
  • Calculate using a spreadsheet:

  • Choose the size you want Earth to be in your model .
  • Create a formula in your spreadsheet that will calculate the diameter of each planet in centimeters. The formula should multiply the size you chose for Earth by the multiplier value for each planet. The multiplier is a planets size compared with Earth.
  • A spreadsheet multiplication formula follows this format: =B3*10, where B3 is the cell with a planets multiplier and 10 is the size you chose for Earth. B refers to the cell column and 3 refers to the cell row.
  • Try different values for Earth to make your scale planets larger or smaller depending on the materials you have available to represent the size of each planet.

    Once you’ve done your calculations, go to Step 9 to find out how to make a sidewalk chalk scale model. You can also come up with your own creative display using your choice of materials.

    Calculate Combined Scale Distance And Planet Size

    If you are interested in a more accurate way to represent the solar system and have a lot of space to work with, try making a model of the solar system that displays distance and planet size at the same scale. Otherwise, skip this step.


  • Download the Scale Size and Distance Spreadsheet or the Solar System Sizes and Distances reference guide if calculating manually.
  • Decide on the diameter of Earth in your scale model. Keep in mind that a 1-cm Earth means the scale distance from the Sun to Neptune is about two miles. Consider making your scale Earth just a few millimeters across. To calculate the scale solar system, you’ll need to work with proportions and ratios, as shown in this equation.

    Scale Diameter / Scale Distance = Actual Diameter / Actual Distance | + Expand image

  • Next, use the scale Earth diameter and proportional ratios to find the scale distances to the other planets by rearranging the equation below.

    Scale Planet Distance / Scale Earth Diameter = Actual Planet Distance / Actual Earth Diameter | + Expand image

    In this example, the spreadsheet function calculates the product of the scale diameter of Earth and the actual distance to Mars divided by the actual diameter of Earth using =/D5. | + Expand image

  • Repeat the previous steps for the remaining planets.
  • Use a ruler, compass, string, protractor, or another tool to draw circles of appropriate sizes for each planet. You can color the circles to resemble the planets appearances.
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    How To Draw The Solar System

    This article was co-authored by wikiHow staff writer, Kyle Hall. Kyle Hall works on the content team at wikiHow. He helps manage our team of editors and creates content for a variety of wikiHow projects. Kyle continually looks for new ways to improve the content at wikiHow and make it more helpful and enjoyable for readers. He graduated from Eckerd College in 2015, where he majored in Political Science.There are 13 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page.wikiHow marks an article as reader-approved once it receives enough positive feedback. In this case, several readers have written to tell us that this article was helpful to them, earning it our reader-approved status. This article has been viewed 373,209 times.Learn more…

    The solar system is made up of the Sun and the 8 planets that orbit it, including Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune. Drawing the solar system is easy once you know the size and order of the planets, and its a great way to learn about the different properties of the celestial bodies that Earth shares space with. You can even draw the solar system to scale by scaling down the distances between the planets and the sun. Use a ruler for a estimation of the distance. Each centimeter is one AU .

    Learn About Sizes And Distances In Our Solar System

    How to Make Paper Mache Planets – 3D Solar System Crafts for Kids

    Distances in the solar system can be huge! The distance from the Sun to Neptune is nearly three billion miles . Because the distances between planets are so great, astronomers sometimes describe distances in terms of astronomical units . One AU is equal to the average distance between the Sun and Earth, about 93 million miles . This allows scientists to describe and calculate distances more efficiently. For example, instead of saying, “Mars is 130 million miles from the Sun,” scientists can say, “Mars is 1.5 AU from the Sun.”

    It’s not just the distances between planets that are large. There are also huge differences in the size of each planet. Because of this, it can be difficult or even impossible to display both planet size and distance accurately, especially in smaller scale models like an image.

    Watch this video about the size of planets and the distances between them to see how far they are from each other, how they differ in size, and how difficult it is to display both their size and distance accurately.

    Watch en Español: Seleccione subtítulos en Español bajo el ícono de configuración. | Watch on YouTube

    More solar system size and scale resources:

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    Shop My Homeschool Room:

    The following homeschool picks of mine can be found on Etsy. Simply click the image that interests you yes, they do contain affiliate links.

    Tripp is now a Senior in high school and throughout the years, he has been very interested in our Solar System. Space is kind of his thing. He was pulled out of the public school system shortly after I originally wrote this post.

    We spent years learning about different stars and planets while homeschooling and developed his love of all things space.

    Now, Tripp is planning to go to college to be an Astrophysicist! How exciting is that?

    If your child shows interest in something, feed them! Give them as much as you can about that interest. You never know what kind of expert you just might develop!

    Drawing The Sun And Planets

  • 1Draw the Sun near the left side of the page. The sun is the largest body in the solar system, so draw a large circle to represent it. Then, color it in with orange, yellow, and red to represent the hot gases that its made up of. Remember to leave enough space on the page to draw all of the planets.XResearch source
  • The Sun is made up of mostly helium and hydrogen gas, and it’s constantly converting hydrogen into helium through a process called nuclear fusion.
  • You can draw the sun freehand, or you can trace a round object or use a compass.
  • 2Draw Mercury to the right of the sun. Mercury is the smallest planet in the solar system, and its the closest planet to the Sun. To draw mercury, draw a small circle , and color it in dark gray.
  • Like Earth, Mercury has a liquid core and a solid outer crust.XResearch source
  • 3Sketch a larger circle to the right of Mercury for Venus. Venus is the second closest planet to the Sun, and its bigger than Mercury. Color in Venus with different shades of yellow and brown.
  • Venus gets its yellowish-brown color from the clouds of sulfur dioxide that cover its surface. However, if you were able to travel through the clouds and look at the actual surface of the planet, it would look brownish-red.XResearch source
  • Mars gets its iconic rusty red coloring from the iron oxide that covers its surface. Iron oxide also gives blood and rust their color.XResearch source
  • Make sure none of the orbital paths you draw intersect with each other.
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    How To Make A Poster Of The Solar System

    This article was co-authored by Bess Ruff, MA. Bess Ruff is a Geography PhD student at Florida State University. She received her MA in Environmental Science and Management from the University of California, Santa Barbara in 2016. She has conducted survey work for marine spatial planning projects in the Caribbean and provided research support as a graduate fellow for the Sustainable Fisheries Group. This article has been viewed 97,554 times.

    Many students get an assignment to make a solar system poster. This is a really fun art project because you have the opportunity to decorate it in any way youd like. You can make it by simply drawing the planets, cutting out shapes to be planets, or even using foam balls to make the poster three-dimensional. With a little bit of research, you can add facts to the poster about each planet that will make it even more interesting to look at.

    Materials For How To Draw Planets

    Scale Down Model Of Solar System By Toilet Paper Folding
    • Pencil. The Ticonderoga brand are the most reliable, make nice dark lines when you need them, and are the easiest to erase. Buying the pre-sharpened ones will save busy teachers a lot of time.
    • Eraser. Large ones you can hold in your hand do a much better job than just the pencil tip erasers, especially when erasing leftover pencil lines after tracing.
    • BlackSharpie Marker. These fine point permanent marker pens make nice black outlines, have a good tip for coloring, and never bleed when they get wet. Use them with good ventilation and add extra paper underneath to protect your tables.
    • Prang Crayons. These are a bit softer than other crayons so they sometimes look like oil pastels. They also have a some nice brown shades that Crayola does not have unless you buy their larger boxes.
    • Crayola Crayons. The reliable brand that always works well. The 24 pack has some of my favorite golden orange and yellow colors that seem a bit richer and warmer than the ones Prang has.

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